Common Conditions Healthy 

Healthy Living With Diabetes – Diagnosis, Risk, Symptoms.

WHAT IS DIABETES?

The cells in our bodies run on sugar, also known as glucose. For glucose to get into our cells, it needs help from a hormone called insulin. If there is no insulin or not enough insulin in your body, glucose can’t get into the cells. It stays in the bloodstream and the levels of glucose build up. This is what diabetes is-high levels of glucose in the blood. There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2 and gestational.

  • With type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make insulin. Without insulin, glucose levels in the blood become too high.
  • With type 2 diabetes-the more common type-the pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body does not use the insulin properly.
  • Pregnant women can also get a type of diabetes called gestational diabetes that usually goes away after the baby is born. However, women who have had gestational diabetes are at higher risk for developing diabetes later on in life. (3)

 

HOW DOES DIABETES AFFECT MY BODY?

Diabetes complications are caused by damage to the blood vessels, nerves, or both. Left untreated, high blood glucose can damage your eyes, kidneys and nerves. Diabetes can also cause heart disease and stroke, and can

increase the chances of losing a limb. (4)

 

HOW IS DIABETES DIAGNOSED?

Your healthcare provider can determine if you have diabetes by doing a simple blood test to measure the amount of glucose in your blood. Sometimes, you will be asked to drink a special glucose drink and wait two hours before having a second blood sample taken. (5)

 

WHO IS AT RISK FOR DIABETES?

Some of the risk factors for diabetes include:

  • A higher-than-normal blood glucose level (prediabetes)
  • A family history of diabetes
  • Being older than 45 years of age
  • Not being physically active
  • Being overweight
  • Having low HDL “good” cholesterol, high triglycerides or high blood pressure. (6)

 

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES?

  • Extreme thirst
  • Having to urinate often
  • Feeling very hungry or tired
  • Weight loss for no known reason
  • Sores or cuts that heal slowly
  • Dry, itchy skin
  • Tingling or numbness in your feet/hands
  • Blurred vision
  • You may have one or more of these symptoms, or you may have no symptoms at all. (7)

 

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Source(s)

  • NeoCitizen Primary Health Resource Archives
  • Photo by iStock

 

 

Summary
Healthy Living With Diabetes - Diagnosis, Risk, Symptoms.
Title
Healthy Living With Diabetes - Diagnosis, Risk, Symptoms.
Description
What is diabetes? How does diabetes affect your body? Know how to find out if you have diabetes. Who is at risk and what symptoms to look for.
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